You need a mandatory HMO licence if you’re renting out a property that has five or more people from two or more households, sharing amenities such as toilets, bathrooms or cooking facilities.
Houses, flats or converted flats on any number of storeys are licensable if five or more people from two or more households are sharing.
You may also require a licence if:
- a building or part of a building consists of living accommodation and has been converted since the building was originally constructed
- a building contains at least one unit of accommodation that is not a self- contained flat (there may also be some self-contained flats)
- the accommodation is occupied by five or more persons who do not form a single household.
Definition of a household
A household is a separate individual, co-habiting couple or a family. A family includes parents, grandparents, children (including foster children, step children and children being cared for), grandchildren, brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, nephews, nieces or cousins.
For example, five friends are five households, even if they share a tenancy, and a co-habiting couple and a friend would constitute two households.
If you are unsure whether your property is licensable, or require information on exemptions, please contact Private Rented Housing for advice